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Middle School: Geology



This guide features teacher and classroom resources for instruction on geology appropriate for grades 6-8.

Catalog Search Strategies

for general geology information:
Earth Sciences   

for more specific information, choose your particular area of study or event:
Geology history
Rocks, sedimentary

for geologic features in a particular area:
Earthquakes California
Hawaii Volcanoes

Library Catalog Materials

Earth Science Experiments   (BOOK)
by Pam Walker and Elaine Wood.
New York: Facts on File, 2011.  172 p.
Call number: 372.55 W183, 14 copies.
Part of the Facts on File Science Experiments series.
A collection of experiments for students grades 6-12, covering topics such as topographic maps, erosion and humidity.  Each experiment includes time requirements, safety notes, questions for analysis, ideas for class discussion, and resources for more information.  The scope and sequences chart, grade level and setting information is helpful for teachers.

The Field Guide to Geology (BOOK)
by David Lambert
New York: Facts On File, c2007, 304p.  
Call #550 L222 2007, 21 copies.
Use this for quick ready reference in the classroom.  Clear line drawings easily explain geological concepts and topics such as energy and earth, the geological column, or faults and earthquakes.  Also includes a chapter on major geologists and their contributions from around the world.

Library Databases

Science in Context   
LAPL Description:  Information on subjects ranging from earth science and life science, to space, technology, mathematics, science history, and biography for assignments and projects.
Content can be searched by keyword, or use the links in the curriculum standards to find resources that meets national and state standards.  Searching under the Topics tab, students will find the Geology page were reference articles, the latest news stories, classroom experiments and other useful materials are gather in one page.

Research Library
LAPL Description: General interest magazines on a broad range of subjects from arts, business, children, health, humanities, international, law, military, psychology, social sciences, women's interests and more.
This multidisciplinary database collects articles from a wide variety of sources, including magazines, journals, and trade papers. This is a great professional resource if you are looking for the latest trends in science education or seeking new ideas for use in the classroom.


Earth Science [electronic resource].  Eric Hines. OverDrive e-Book, June 25, 2008.
LAPL Catalog description:
This colorful, beautifully illustrated guide covers the basics of geology, meteorology, oceanography and astronomy to give the student of earth sciences a thorough overview of the basics of each. This 4-page laminated guide covers: minerals & rock types, mass wasting, water cycle, shaping the earth, plate tectonics, volcanoes & earthquakes, drainage patterns, groundwater, and a lot more! This 4-page guide is laminated and comes with three punched holes for easy use.
This chart can be downloaded in the classroom and used for quick reference by students and teachers. 

Internet Resources

USGS Education:
The portal for educational resources for the United States Geological Survey.  Here you will find teaching modules, images and more on the hundreds of different areas covered by the USGS.

National Atlas mapmaker:
Use this to make the maps you and your students need.  Choose geologic features such as the location of coal mines, magnetic fields, seismic hazards, water locations and other useful features.

NASA for educators:
NASA’s not just for outer space!  Chock full of useful supplemental material, use the “Find Teaching materials” link to access lesson plans, classroom activities and more on topics like erosion, earthquakes and other topics related to earth as a planet.

NASA Earth Observatory:
Another fantastic resource from NASA, the Earth Observatory shares images and information about Earth that is produced by NASA.  Several different global maps and images that can be browsed by topic make this a fabulous supplemental resource, or use the search bar to find the latest news  on a  several topics related to geology.


TeenWeb -- LAPL Pathfinder: Natural disasters
This guide created by LAPL librarians, is useful in directing students to library resources covering natural disasters.

For more resources, please visit our related research guides:
Middle School: Science: Earth and Planetary Science: Plate tectonics
Middle School: Science: Earth and Planetary Science:  Composition of the Earth
Middle School: Science: Earth and Planetary Science: Energy in Earth‘s System

Brooke Sheets, Children’s Librarian,  Arroyo Seco Regional Branch (
Karla Gonzalez, Children’s Librarian III, Benjamin Franklin Branch (
Revised 05/09/12.