The FOCAL Award is presented annually to an author or illustrator for a creative work which enriches a child's appreciation for and understanding of California.
Efrén Divided by Ernesto Cisneros is about Efrén, his younger siblings, Max and Mía, and their Apá going through hardships of food insecurity, working nonstop to pay for Amá’s return, and getting behind in schoolwork when Amá was deported by ICE. It is also about Efrén’s up and down friendship with David, the only white boy in the neighborhood, and that rejection and bias happen to all people regardless of race and background. This book is recommended for middle grades (4-8 grade).
Bridget "Biddy" Mason, an African American philanthropist, healer, and midwife who was born into slavery. When Biddy arrived in California, where slavery was technically illegal, she was kept captive by her owners and forced to work without pay. But when Biddy learned that she was going to be taken to a slave state, she launched a plan to win her freedom.
Bilingual English/Spanish. The empowering true story of the 1931 Lemon Grove Incident, in which Mexican families in southern California won the first school desegregation case in United States history.
Describes the popular street cook's life, including working in his family's restaurant as a child, figuring out what he wanted to do with his life, and his success with his food truck and restaurant.
Nine-year-old Maria Singh learns to play softball just like her heroes in the All-American Girls' League, while her parents and neighbors are struggling through World War II, working for India's independence, and trying to stay on their farmland.
Grades 4-7: 13-year-old Lizzie, who is smart and headstrong, discovers many secrets and surprises surrounding the quarantine of San Francisco’s Chinatown due to plague. Though set in 1900, this fast-paced, action-packed novel deals with surprisingly timely issues of prejudice, racism, women’s rights, and vaccination.
An account of "the other Ellis Island"—Angel Island, California, the entry point for one million Asian immigrants in the early 20th century.
Almost 10 years before Brown vs. Board of Education, Sylvia Mendez and her parents helped end school segregation in California. An American citizen of Mexican and Puerto Rican heritage who spoke and wrote perfect English, Mendez was denied enrollment to a “Whites only” school. Her parents took action by organizing the Hispanic community and filing a lawsuit in federal district court. Their success eventually brought an end to the era of segregated education in California.
A charming picture book biography about the life and times of Katherine Olivia Sessions, the first woman to graduate from the University of California with a degree in science and who became known as the "Mother of Balboa Park" for her dedication to gardening and planting trees in San Diego. Colorful and encouraging. Grades K-3.
Grades 4-8. During the summer of 1968, eleven-year-old Delphine and her two younger sisters travel to Oakland, California to visit their mother, who abandoned them as babies. While there, they reluctantly spend time at a summer camp run by the Black Panthers.
The last remaining orange tree on a Southern California street brings together neighbors of all ages as they face their problems and anxieties, including the possibility that a mysterious stranger is a threat to their tree.
Artist Frida Kahlo finds her own voice and style when her famous husband, Diego Rivera, is commissioned to paint a mural in San Francisco, California, in the 1930s and she finds herself exploring the city on her own.
A young city boy, riding the subway, finds an abandoned book about redwoods and finds himself in the very forest described in the book.
Esperanza and her mother are forced to leave their life of wealth and privilege in Mexico to go work in the labor camps of Southern California, where they must adapt to the harsh circumstances facing Mexican farm workers on the eve of the Great Depression.
Fearing that her legal guardian plans to abandon her to return to France, ten-year-old aspiring scientist Lucky Trimble determines to run away while also continuing to seek the Higher Power that will bring stability to her life.
A twelve-year-old boy named Moose moves to Alcatraz Island in 1935 when guards' families were housed there, and has to contend with his extraordinary new environment in addition to life with his autistic sister.
After a hurricane kills Leah and Ruth's parents in 1954, the sisters move to Los Angeles to start a new life with their aunt and uncle.
A family celebrates winter--by the seashore, in the magical city of San Francisco, and in the ancient redwood forests of the Sierras.
Recounts the history of African Americans in California during the Gold Rush while focusing on the life and work of Mifflin Gibbs.
Independent but intertwined stories follow a migrant family through their circuit over a number of years, from picking cotton and strawberries to topping carrots—and back again.
The author recalls his childhood in the mountains and valleys of California with his farmworker parents who inspired him with poetry and song.
Both Slim and Isaiah have parents who are dying of AIDS – Isaiah looks for miracles in the "Hungry Valley" north of Los Angeles, but Slim is less optimistic.
Because she does not sew, cook, or dance like a "proper señorita," Frida cannot please her mother until she saves the day at the fiesta with her special talent.
There was no school at the Weedpatch Federal Labor Camp for the children of migrant workers from the Dust Bowl -- until Superintendent Leo Hart and fifty kids built their own in a nearby field.
A twelve-year-old girl who knows little about her Chinese heritage is sent to live with her grandmother in San Francisco's Chinatown.
People came from all over the world to pursue the dream of discovering gold in California in the mid 19 th -century, and this book tells the story using primary sources such as letters, diaries, newspapers, posters, cartoons and advertisements.
Ben and his family find themselves living among the poor and homeless when they leave El Paso for Los Angeles to look for Ben's father.
12-year-old Julia observes the people around her in Berkeley, California, as she makes lists of words in her "Book of Strangenesses" and dreams of becoming a writer.
Farewell to Manzanar; a true story of Japanese American experience during and after the World War II internment [by] Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston & James D. Houston.
During World War II, seven-year-old Jeanne Wakatsuki and her family are forced to move into the Manzanar War Relocation Center, where their lives are completely changed.
In his letters to his favorite author, ten-year-old Leigh reveals his problems in coping with his parents' divorce, being the new boy in school, and generally finding his own place in the world.
Times are hard for everyone in 1935 in Berkeley, California, but for eleven-year-old Rinko being Japanese is an added burden…
A series of crises lead 11-year-old Julia to see her family in a different light and help her reaffirm her ambition to be a writer.
In the early twentieth century a young Chinese boy joins his father in San Francisco and helps him realize his dream of making a flying machine.
The California gold rush is on and Jack Flagg and his butler, Praiseworthy set out to save pretty Aunt Arabella's fortune.
Ten-year-old Janey, whose family is migrating around California to find work in the 1930s, treasures a single blue willow plate that belonged to her mother, until she discovers something she would trade it for.
Left alone on a beautiful but isolated island off the coast of California, a young Indian girl spends eighteen years, not only merely surviving through her enormous courage and self-reliance, but also finding a measure of happiness in her solitary life.