Manuel de Falla was born on November 23, 1876. Falla was one of the most important Spanish composers of the early 20th century. His music was strongly influenced by flamenco and other music of Andalusia, the region of southern Spain where Falla was born.
On November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln delivered a brief speech at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The Gettysburg Address has become one of the best-known speeches in American history.
Gordon Lightfoot was born on November 17, 1938. Lightfoot is a Canadian singer/songwriter whose songs have been recorded by dozens of artists, and who is best known for a string of hit records in the 1970s.
On November 9, the World Chess Championship match begins in London. Magnus Carlsen, the reigning champion since 2013, will defend his title against Fabiano Caruana in a 12-game match.
Keith Emerson was born on November 2, 1944. Emerson was a composer and keyboard player who was, as a member of several different bands, a major figure in the progressive rock movement of the late 1960s and 1970s.
Mahalia Jackson was born on October 26, 1911. Jackson was a gospel singer, a towering presence in the genre whose popularity extended to mainstream audiences. In the 1950s and 1960s, she devoted much of her time to civil rights activism.
Debbie Macomber was born on October 22, 1948. Macomber is the author of more than 150 novels; she primarily writes romance and women's fiction.
Musical comedians don't tend to have long careers. Political satirist Tom Lehrer retired after about a decade; folk-singer parodist Allan Sherman's moment in the spotlight lasted for two years.